A Guide to CPR Resuscitation

D R S A B C D

Danger, Response, Send, Airway, Breathing, CPR, Defibrillation

Trafalgar Cross

1 - DANGER

Check for signs of danger to you, to casualty and to others.
Make sure you do not place yourself or any bystanders in danger when assisting the casualty.

 
Step 1 - Danger
Step 2 - Response
 
Trafalgar Cross

2 - RESPONSE

Talk & Touch
Is the casualty conscious?
Ask the casualty questions, squeeze casualty's shoulders and hands..

Trafalgar Cross

3 - SEND

Ask bystanders to assist if necessary.
In an emergency, call 000 and answer all the operator's questions.

 
Step 3 - Send
Step 4 - Airway
 
Trafalgar Cross

4 - AIRWAY

Check and clear mouth. Gently tilt casualty's head and lift chin (do not do this for infants).
If required, roll casualty on side to clear airway.

Trafalgar Cross

5 - BREATHING

Check for signs of breathing.
Place in a stable recovery position.

Observe airway, if breathing, place casualty on their side. If not, commence CPR.

 
Step 5 - Breathing

Adults & Children over 1 year

Step 6 - CPR 1

Step 6 - CPR 2

Infants (0 - 1 year)

Step 6 - CPR 3

Step 6 - CPR 4

 
Trafalgar Cross

6 - CPR

If unresponsive and not breathing: 30 compressions / 2 breaths.

For Adults & Children over 1 year

  • Compressions
    1 or 2 hands on the centre of the chest, compress 1/3 of chest depth.
  • Breaths
    Tilt head, lift chin and give breaths.
Look for the rise and fall of the chest in between breaths.

 

For Infants (0 - 1 year)

  • Compressions
    2 fingers on the centre of the chest. Compress 1/3 of chest depth.
  • Breaths
    Don’t tilt head. Keep in neutral position, support jaw, cover mouth and nose. Look for the rise and fall of the chest in between breaths.
-
Continue CPR until responsive or normal breathing returns. If normal breathing returns, place the casualty on their side and maintain an open airway. Closely monitor the casualty.

 

Trafalgar Cross

7 - DEFIBRILLATION

  1. Attach A.E.D (Automated External Defibrillator) if available
  2. Follow audio instructions
 
Step 7 - Defibrillation